The 44th New York Monument at Gettysburg National Military Park, commonly referred to as "the Castle."
One of the largest and most expensive regimental monuments is the large granite castle honoring the men and officers of the 44th New York Infantry and two companies of the 12th New York Infantry. The monument was designed by Daniel Butterfield who was a former regimental commander of the 12th and the first brigade commander of the 44th. The dimensions of the monument were deliberately designed to represent the two units. The tower is 44 feet high to represent the 44th. The interior chamber of the castle is 12 feet square to honor the 12th New York Infantry. Inside there is a spiral staircase that leads to an observation desk. Bronze plaques with the complete muster rolls can be found inside chamber. Also in the chamber are bas reliefs of two former officers, General Francis Barlow and General Butterfield who were presented at Gettysburg in other capacities. The 44th New York was raised as a memorial to Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth who was the first Union officer killed in the war. When the war began he raised a regiment of 2,300 men. He was ordered to occupy Alexandria, VA. When he got there and saw a Confederate flag flying from the roof of the Marshal House Hotel he went up to personally take it down. When he came down he was confronted by the hotel’s proprietor who shot and killed him. As he laid in state in Albany, local citizens began plans to create a unit to honor Ellsworth. The goal of the unit was to include a man from each ward or town from New York. The unit was to be called the “People’s Ellsworth Regiment” or “Ellsworth’s Avengers. Though the unit never quite fulfilled the goal of total representation, the 44th New York had a unique make-up.
-A Knights Tale by Britt-ish Designs and Man in the Moon Designs